In 1973, English archaologists discovered the remains of remarkable temple near the city of Tell Brak in North-eastern Syria. The plasterwork proved to contain hundreds of alabaster idols. They ball hand angular, flat bodies and small heads with oversized eyes. They were called eye idols and the temple was nicknamed the eye temple.
During the fourth and third millennium BC, Tell Brak was one of the most important towns in Northern Mesopotamia (the land between the two rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris). The fortified town controlled the principal trading route through the Tigris Valley, along which metals from Anatolia to the north were brought in and through which the caravans travelled to and from the Mediterranean.