In pre-Roman Italy what we know today as Tuscany was inhabited by the Etruscans, a people who developed their own distinctive culture from the 8th century BC. The Etruscans earned their considerable wealth through overseas trade in ceramics, wine and iron. They were also otorious pirats. From the 5th century, they were increasingly attacked by the Celts from one side and the Italians from the other. A fleet from Syracuse destroyed their seaports, which was the start of the gradual decline of the independent Etruscan culture. By the 3rd century, the Etruscans had come under Roman rule. The Etruscan culture had unmistakeable Greek influences, and formed the basis for much of the later Roman culture. The Etruscans long remained an intriguing, alsmost mythical people for the Roman elite. Etruscan slaves and women were remarkably emancipated, and their free secual morals were condemned long affter the civilization's decline.